Amendment to the Electronic Communications Act - Cookies now only in opt-in mode
Company: Eversheds Sutherland, advokátní kancelář, s.r.o.
On 1 January 2022, an amendment to the Electronic Communications Act came into force, which brought a fundamental change to the Czech legislation on cookies and introduced mandatory prior consent of users for processing cookies.
Cookies are small data files that a website stores on a website visitor's device via an internet browser, so that website can use them when visitors visit the website again to obtain information stored on the website about their previous visits and behaviour.
Opt-in / opt-out
After many years, the amendment removed the conflict with EU directives and introduced an opt-in mode instead of the opt-out mode. Until now, it was sufficient if the user was demonstrably informed about the cookies and their use and was given the opportunity to refuse them. Websites or applications de facto benefited from user’s passivity.
Other cookies, such as statistical, analytical, preferential or marketing cookies, can only be stored or otherwise processed after consent has been given. Consent must be given in accordance with the requirements of the GDPR. It must therefore be a free, specific, informed and unambiguous expression of the will of the visitor, who gives permission to process its personal data for a specific category of cookies. In no case is it possible to "force" consent, for example, by means of a cookies banner/wall interfering with a larger part of the site and effectively restricting its use without the option of not giving consent. Of course, merely continuing to browse the site cannot be regarded as valid consent. The Office for Personal Data Protection answers the most frequently asked questions on its website (in Czech) in connection with the above-mentioned Amendment to the Electronic Communications Act.
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