Czech Legal Alert | "Lex Ukraine" - Laws governing the status of refugees from Ukraine
Company: Eversheds Sutherland, advokátní kancelář, s.r.o.
As of March 21, 2022, there is an effective set of laws regulating the status of Ukrainian refugees in the Czech Republic and their involvement in society, the so-called "Lex Ukraine".
Lex Ukraine primarily allows refugees to obtain so-called temporary protection and start working in the Czech Republic without further formalities.
Temporary protection for refugees from Ukraine
Temporary protection can be requested at the Ministry of the Interior - OAMP or the Police of the Czech Republic. It is necessary to fill in the application, submit a passport and a photo (if the applicant does not have a photo, it will be taken on the spot).
Access to the Czech labour market
Social security measures
A foreigner with temporary protection can apply for a humanitarian benefit of CZK 5,000 to cover basic necessities. In the case of no or low income, the benefit can be claimed repeatedly for up to five months. The benefit is paid by the regional branches of the Labour Office.
Furthermore, the law allows a foreigner's child with temporary protection to attend a children's group. The opportunity to put a child in a children's group can be used not only by the parent, but also by the person to whom the child has been entrusted.
The law introduces a number of measures and exceptions to facilitate the integration of children of foreigners with temporary protection into education at all levels, e.g. introduces the possibility of entrance examinations in Ukrainian, provides an exception for teachers in the class where only foreign pupils who do not need Czech can study, provides for an exemption from the fee for the validation of a diploma or the possibility of replacing a document proving previous education with an affidavit or provides exceptions from the hygiene requirements for the school premises.